TA Instruments

Testing Services

TA Instruments Testing Services

TA Analytical Services Laboratory is an expert in material and structural property testing across various techniques including thermal, rheological, and physical testing. The testing laboratory is led by our specialized knowledge in material science instrumentation development, delivery of first-class application methods, and commitment to delivering what you need.

The TA Analytical Services Laboratory is able to provide routine material characterization and structural property testing or even more advanced development services. Our skills and in-depth understanding of customer needs span across multiple industries and can deliver numerous offerings including (and not limited to):

  • Running single or batch samples
    • Routine
    • Challenging
  • Method development
  • Results validation
    • Verify your results
    • Confirm with complementary technique

Contact us today for pricing and more information.

View TA Testing Services Brochure

Applications

Adhesives & sealants

Building Materials

Fine & specialty chemicals

Packaging

Rubbers & elastomers

Aerospace

Ceramics

Food

Personal care & beauty

Agriculture

Composites

Inorganic Material

Pharmaceuticals

Automotive

Electronics

Inks, Paints, & Coatings

Polymers

What to expect from the TA Analytical Services Laboratory

After you provide us a few details either through our contact form or email, you will be contacted by the Lab to further discuss your needs.

Once the project has been scoped, a quote will be provided to you for your review and approval. Upon approval, there will be multiple payment options available for your convenience.

Then ship your samples along with the form provided with the quote. Once received, we will send you a confirmation and the expected completion date. We will be in constant contact as needed and don’t hesitate to check in with us on the status of your samples!

Once our high-precision measurement results are completed, verified, and analyzed, we will send you a detailed report of the findings and if needed, schedule a time to discuss.

We are here and ready to review and quote our laboratory testing services for you, whether you need thermal testing services, viscosity testing services, differential scanning calorimetry services, thermal resistivity testing services, glass testing services or any of the other multitude of laboratory testing services we provide!

Sample Ordering Process

Techniques and Testing Standards

Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)


Differential Scanning Calorimeters (DSC) measure temperatures and heat flows associated with thermal transitions in a material. Common usage includes investigation, selection, comparison and end-use performance evaluation of materials in research, quality control and production applications. Properties measured by TA Instruments’ DSC techniques include glass transitions, “cold” crystallization, phase changes, melting, crystallization, product stability, cure / cure kinetics, and oxidative stability.

Temperature Range: -180°C to 550°C 

Detectable Information: Glass transitions, melting, crystallization, phase changes, heat capacity, cure kinetics, oxidative induction time

Standards

  • D3418 – Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D3895 – Standard Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D4419 – Standard Test Method for Measurement of Transition Temperatures of Petroleum Waxes by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D4591 – Standard Test Method for Determining Temperatures and Heats of Transitions of Fluoropolymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D5028 – Standard Test Method for Curing Properties of Pultrusion Resins by Thermal Analysis.
  • E2160 – Standard Test Method for Heat of Reaction of Thermally Reactive Materials by DSC.
  • E2716 – Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Sinusoidal Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E793 – Standard Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E794 – Standard Test Method for Melting and Crystallization Temperatures By Thermal Analysis.
  • E1269 – Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E1356 – Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E1782 – Standard Test Method for Determining Vapor Pressure by Thermal Analysis.

Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)

Thermogravimetric Analyzers measures temperatures and weight changes associated transitions in a material. Common usage includes decomposition, volatilization, residue, material composition analysis, decomposition kinetics, thermal and oxidative stabilities.

Temperature Range: 30°C to 1200°C

Detectable Information: weight change temperature, weight change amount, decomposition kinetics, residue.

Standards

  • E1868 – Standard Test Method for Loss-On-Drying by Thermogravimetry.
  • E2008 – Standard Test Method for Volatility Rate by Thermogravimetry.
  • D6375 – Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Noack Method.
  • E1131 – Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry.


Simultaneous DSC-TGA

Simultaneous DSC/TGA measures temperatures and heat flows and weight changes associated transitions in a material. Common usage includes investigation, selection, comparison, and end-use performance evaluation of materials in research, quality control and production applications. Properties measured include phase transitions, melting, crystallization, decomposition, volatilization, residue, decomposition kinetics, thermal and oxidative stability.

Temperature Range:30°C to 1500°C

Detectable Information: Phase transitions, melting, crystallization, heat capacity, decomposition temperature, decomposition kinetics


Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA)

Thermomechanical Analyzers (TMA) measure changes in the dimensions of a sample as a function of time, temperature, and force in a controlled atmosphere.

Properties measured by TMA include the material’s coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CTE), shrinkage, softening, and glass transition temperatures. Modulated TMA (MTMA) can be used for deconvolution of the Total dimension change signal into Reversing and Non-Reversing dimension change signals for separating expansion from contraction, shrinkage, and stress relaxation.

Temperature Range:-150°C to 1000°C 

Detectable Information: Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE), sample expansion and contraction, softening points, glass transition temperatures, and delamination.

Standards

  • E2347 – Standard Test Method for Indentation Softening Temperature by TMA.
  • E831 – Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials by Thermomechanical Analysis.
  • E1545 – Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis.
  • E1824 – Standard Test Method for Assignment of a Glass Transition Temperature Using Thermomechanical Analysis Under Tension.

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis measures the mechanical properties of materials as a function of time, temperature, and frequency. In addition to basic material properties, DMA also quantifies finished part characteristics, reflecting the important contribution that processing has on end-use performance. DMA is commonly used to measure glass transition temperatures and secondary transitions, orientation caused by processing, cold crystallization and effect of crystallinity on mechanical properties, cure optimization, filler effects in composites, and much more. DMA provides an accurate measure of material strength (modulus) but also other important mechanical properties such as damping, creep, and stress relaxation.

Temperature Range: -150°C to 600°C 

Detectable Information: Glass transition temperature (Tg), secondary transitions, modulus, viscoelasticity (storage modulus, loss modulus, tan delta), creep and creep compliance, stress relaxation, shrinkage and shrinkage forces

Standards

  • D5023-07 Dynamic Mechanical Properties Three Point Bending
  • D5024-07 Dynamic Mechanical Properties in Compression
  • D5026-06 Dynamic Mechanical Properties in Tension
  • D5418 – 07 Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Flexure (Dual Cantilever Beam)
  • D7028-07 Tg by DMA
  • E1640 Tg by DMA

A rotational rheometer is used to measure viscosity (eta) and viscoelasticity (G’, G” and Tan delta) properties of a material.  Rheometers can handle all kinds of samples from low viscosity liquids (e.g. water or solvents), semi-solid or soft gels, to high stiffness and high modulus solids.

A rotational rheometer can perform flow measurements to test the viscosity of a liquid as a function of time, temperature shear rate or shear stress. Flow tests can also be used to measure the yield stress and thixotropic properties of a structured fluids.  The rheometer can also perform dynamic oscillatory measurements to measure the viscoelastic properties of a semi-solid or solid sample.  Typical oscillation tests are used to verify the linear viscoelastic region; monitor thermoset curing or sample stability; quantify differences in different formulations; measure polymer melts to compare differences in their molecular weight and molecular weight distribution; measure sample modulus and elasticity change as a function of time and temperature; measure glass transition (Tg) and sub-ambient transitions of polymers or polymer blends. In addition, a rotational rheometer can also perform transient type of measurements to study creep-recovery and stress relaxation.

Temperature Range: -150°C to 600°C

Detectable Information: viscosity, yield stress, thixotropy, curing, modulus (G’, G” G*), damping factor (tan delta), glass transitions, sub-ambient transitions, stress relaxation, creep-recovery

Standards

  • D4092-07 Std terminology for dynamic mechanical properties
  • D4440-08 Dynamic Mechanical Properties Melt Rheology
  • D4473-08 Dynamic Mechanical Properties Cure Behavior
  • D5279_torsion

RPA Rubber Testing

Rubber Process Analyzers (RPA) characterize material properties of raw polymer and rubber compounds as a function of measurement frequency and amplitude. These material properties directly impact processing behavior, manufacturing efficiency, and final product performance. Flexibility in test method setup provides characterization of rubber compounds before, during, and after the cure in a single test.

These tests can be used for:

  • batch-to-batch variation analysis
  • quality of mix and filler distribution verification (ex. Payne effect)
  • compound formulation and processability studies
  • polymer structure characterization (ex. LCB index)

Standards: ASTM D6048, D6204, D6601, D7050, D8059 and relevant DIN, and ISO standards.

Temperature Range: Ambient to 230°C

Detectable Information: modulus (G’, G”, G*), complex viscosity (eta*), damping factor (tan delta), Payne effect, polymer long chain branching index (LCB index)

MDR

Rubber curemeters (MDR) measure the cure profile of rubber compounds under isothermal or non-isothermal conditions. Non-isothermal conditions include constant heating rates or user-defined temperature profiles which can mimic processing or molding conditions. Additional capabilities include simultaneous measurement of pressure and torque for blowing and foaming materials. These tests can be used for:

  • batch qualification
  • quality of mix verification
  • compound formulation studies
  • reaction kinetics and activation energy calculations
  • cure simulations.

All tests meet ASTM D5289 and other relevant DIN and ISO standards.

Temperature Range: Ambient to 230°C

Detectable Information: Minimum torque (ML), Maximum torque (MH), cure times (TC), scorch times (TS), cure kinetics, activation energy, pressure curves


Mooney Viscometer

Mooney viscometry measure the Mooney viscosity of raw polymers and rubber compounds. The measurement is made at one specific shear rate or rotational speed and the results are reported as Mooney Viscosity in Mooney Units (MU). Additional measurement techniques include Mooney stress-relaxation for relative comparison of elasticity of rubber samples and Mooney scorch which characterizes the onset of cure by measuring the corresponding increase in the Mooney viscosity at a given temperature. These additional tests can be useful for product development and optimizing processing conditions.

Standards: ASTM D1646 and relevant DIN, and ISO standards.

Temperature Range:  30°C to 200°C

Detectable Information: Mooney Viscosity (MU), Mooney stress relaxation (MSR), scorch time

Thermal Analysis

Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)


Differential Scanning Calorimeters (DSC) measure temperatures and heat flows associated with thermal transitions in a material. Common usage includes investigation, selection, comparison and end-use performance evaluation of materials in research, quality control and production applications. Properties measured by TA Instruments’ DSC techniques include glass transitions, “cold” crystallization, phase changes, melting, crystallization, product stability, cure / cure kinetics, and oxidative stability.

Temperature Range: -180°C to 550°C 

Detectable Information: Glass transitions, melting, crystallization, phase changes, heat capacity, cure kinetics, oxidative induction time

Standards

  • D3418 – Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D3895 – Standard Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D4419 – Standard Test Method for Measurement of Transition Temperatures of Petroleum Waxes by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D4591 – Standard Test Method for Determining Temperatures and Heats of Transitions of Fluoropolymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • D5028 – Standard Test Method for Curing Properties of Pultrusion Resins by Thermal Analysis.
  • E2160 – Standard Test Method for Heat of Reaction of Thermally Reactive Materials by DSC.
  • E2716 – Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Sinusoidal Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E793 – Standard Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E794 – Standard Test Method for Melting and Crystallization Temperatures By Thermal Analysis.
  • E1269 – Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E1356 – Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry.
  • E1782 – Standard Test Method for Determining Vapor Pressure by Thermal Analysis.

Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)

Thermogravimetric Analyzers measures temperatures and weight changes associated transitions in a material. Common usage includes decomposition, volatilization, residue, material composition analysis, decomposition kinetics, thermal and oxidative stabilities.

Temperature Range: 30°C to 1200°C

Detectable Information: weight change temperature, weight change amount, decomposition kinetics, residue.

Standards

  • E1868 – Standard Test Method for Loss-On-Drying by Thermogravimetry.
  • E2008 – Standard Test Method for Volatility Rate by Thermogravimetry.
  • D6375 – Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Noack Method.
  • E1131 – Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry.


Simultaneous DSC-TGA

Simultaneous DSC/TGA measures temperatures and heat flows and weight changes associated transitions in a material. Common usage includes investigation, selection, comparison, and end-use performance evaluation of materials in research, quality control and production applications. Properties measured include phase transitions, melting, crystallization, decomposition, volatilization, residue, decomposition kinetics, thermal and oxidative stability.

Temperature Range:30°C to 1500°C

Detectable Information: Phase transitions, melting, crystallization, heat capacity, decomposition temperature, decomposition kinetics


Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA)

Thermomechanical Analyzers (TMA) measure changes in the dimensions of a sample as a function of time, temperature, and force in a controlled atmosphere.

Properties measured by TMA include the material’s coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CTE), shrinkage, softening, and glass transition temperatures. Modulated TMA (MTMA) can be used for deconvolution of the Total dimension change signal into Reversing and Non-Reversing dimension change signals for separating expansion from contraction, shrinkage, and stress relaxation.

Temperature Range:-150°C to 1000°C 

Detectable Information: Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE), sample expansion and contraction, softening points, glass transition temperatures, and delamination.

Standards

  • E2347 – Standard Test Method for Indentation Softening Temperature by TMA.
  • E831 – Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials by Thermomechanical Analysis.
  • E1545 – Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis.
  • E1824 – Standard Test Method for Assignment of a Glass Transition Temperature Using Thermomechanical Analysis Under Tension.

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA)

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis measures the mechanical properties of materials as a function of time, temperature, and frequency. In addition to basic material properties, DMA also quantifies finished part characteristics, reflecting the important contribution that processing has on end-use performance. DMA is commonly used to measure glass transition temperatures and secondary transitions, orientation caused by processing, cold crystallization and effect of crystallinity on mechanical properties, cure optimization, filler effects in composites, and much more. DMA provides an accurate measure of material strength (modulus) but also other important mechanical properties such as damping, creep, and stress relaxation.

Temperature Range: -150°C to 600°C 

Detectable Information: Glass transition temperature (Tg), secondary transitions, modulus, viscoelasticity (storage modulus, loss modulus, tan delta), creep and creep compliance, stress relaxation, shrinkage and shrinkage forces

Standards

  • D5023-07 Dynamic Mechanical Properties Three Point Bending
  • D5024-07 Dynamic Mechanical Properties in Compression
  • D5026-06 Dynamic Mechanical Properties in Tension
  • D5418 – 07 Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Flexure (Dual Cantilever Beam)
  • D7028-07 Tg by DMA
  • E1640 Tg by DMA
Rheology

A rotational rheometer is used to measure viscosity (eta) and viscoelasticity (G’, G” and Tan delta) properties of a material.  Rheometers can handle all kinds of samples from low viscosity liquids (e.g. water or solvents), semi-solid or soft gels, to high stiffness and high modulus solids.

A rotational rheometer can perform flow measurements to test the viscosity of a liquid as a function of time, temperature shear rate or shear stress. Flow tests can also be used to measure the yield stress and thixotropic properties of a structured fluids.  The rheometer can also perform dynamic oscillatory measurements to measure the viscoelastic properties of a semi-solid or solid sample.  Typical oscillation tests are used to verify the linear viscoelastic region; monitor thermoset curing or sample stability; quantify differences in different formulations; measure polymer melts to compare differences in their molecular weight and molecular weight distribution; measure sample modulus and elasticity change as a function of time and temperature; measure glass transition (Tg) and sub-ambient transitions of polymers or polymer blends. In addition, a rotational rheometer can also perform transient type of measurements to study creep-recovery and stress relaxation.

Temperature Range: -150°C to 600°C

Detectable Information: viscosity, yield stress, thixotropy, curing, modulus (G’, G” G*), damping factor (tan delta), glass transitions, sub-ambient transitions, stress relaxation, creep-recovery

Standards

  • D4092-07 Std terminology for dynamic mechanical properties
  • D4440-08 Dynamic Mechanical Properties Melt Rheology
  • D4473-08 Dynamic Mechanical Properties Cure Behavior
  • D5279_torsion
Rubber Testing

RPA Rubber Testing

Rubber Process Analyzers (RPA) characterize material properties of raw polymer and rubber compounds as a function of measurement frequency and amplitude. These material properties directly impact processing behavior, manufacturing efficiency, and final product performance. Flexibility in test method setup provides characterization of rubber compounds before, during, and after the cure in a single test.

These tests can be used for:

  • batch-to-batch variation analysis
  • quality of mix and filler distribution verification (ex. Payne effect)
  • compound formulation and processability studies
  • polymer structure characterization (ex. LCB index)

Standards: ASTM D6048, D6204, D6601, D7050, D8059 and relevant DIN, and ISO standards.

Temperature Range: Ambient to 230°C

Detectable Information: modulus (G’, G”, G*), complex viscosity (eta*), damping factor (tan delta), Payne effect, polymer long chain branching index (LCB index)

MDR

Rubber curemeters (MDR) measure the cure profile of rubber compounds under isothermal or non-isothermal conditions. Non-isothermal conditions include constant heating rates or user-defined temperature profiles which can mimic processing or molding conditions. Additional capabilities include simultaneous measurement of pressure and torque for blowing and foaming materials. These tests can be used for:

  • batch qualification
  • quality of mix verification
  • compound formulation studies
  • reaction kinetics and activation energy calculations
  • cure simulations.

All tests meet ASTM D5289 and other relevant DIN and ISO standards.

Temperature Range: Ambient to 230°C

Detectable Information: Minimum torque (ML), Maximum torque (MH), cure times (TC), scorch times (TS), cure kinetics, activation energy, pressure curves


Mooney Viscometer

Mooney viscometry measure the Mooney viscosity of raw polymers and rubber compounds. The measurement is made at one specific shear rate or rotational speed and the results are reported as Mooney Viscosity in Mooney Units (MU). Additional measurement techniques include Mooney stress-relaxation for relative comparison of elasticity of rubber samples and Mooney scorch which characterizes the onset of cure by measuring the corresponding increase in the Mooney viscosity at a given temperature. These additional tests can be useful for product development and optimizing processing conditions.

Standards: ASTM D1646 and relevant DIN, and ISO standards.

Temperature Range:  30°C to 200°C

Detectable Information: Mooney Viscosity (MU), Mooney stress relaxation (MSR), scorch time

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